It is named after the Kansa Native American tribe which inhabited the area.Tribes in the Eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys.In one year alone, 8 million head of cattle from Texas boarded trains in Dodge City bound for the East, earning Dodge the nickname "Queen of the Cowtowns." In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in 1881 Kansas became the first U. state to adopt a constitutional amendment prohibiting all alcoholic beverages, which was only repealed in 1948.Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west. Residents of Kansas are called "Kansans." For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes.
Kansas Territory stretched all the way to the Continental Divide and included the sites of present-day Denver, Colorado Springs, and Pueblo.Missouri and Arkansas sent settlers into Kansas all along its eastern border.These settlers attempted to sway votes in favor of slavery.After the Civil War, many veterans constructed homesteads in Kansas.Many African Americans also looked to Kansas as the land of "John Brown" and, led by freedmen like Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, began establishing black colonies in the state.