anti-Vietnam movement, civil rights movement)Denomination or Death:sects don't survive more than one generation due to the second generation being less committed, the ideology not being sustainable in the long-term, loss of a charasmatic leader Life cycles of NRMs: rejecting (change stance as time passes, few survive in long-term), affirming (adapts to suit market e.g.
==NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS== From the early 60’s, there was a large growth of the number of religious organisations in society.
Possible for someone who is in a privileged position to feel like they are deprived or disadvantaged in some way.
Although m/c people are materially well off, they may feel they are spiritually deprived, especially in today’s materialistic, consumeristic world.
It is the relatively deprived who break away from churches to form sects.
SOCIAL CHANGE – Periods of rapid change disrupts and undermines established norms and values, producing anomie or normlessness.
Membership is more inclusive and they broadly accept society’s values. - WORLD REJECTING –Similar to cults, extremely critical of mainstream society, members follow with total commitment and usually requires a change in lifestyle. They require little commitment (apart from the cost), and members can live a normal life. They often stem from traditional religion, and attempt to revive traditions/beliefs which they have been lost in society.
One of the features is a loss of faith in meta-narratives or claims to have the “truth”.Denominations: ('inbetween church and a sect e.g.methodist church, hierarchy but not tied to the state, appeals to wide audience but not universal appeal of church,supports dominant norms, represent significan minhority instead of a majority) Cult: (least organisaed, individualistic, small ,loose-knit, no sharply defined beliefs)Wallis' new religious movements: e.g.NIEHBUHR stated that sects are typically short lived for various reasons – SECOND GENERATION - Those who are born into sects lack the commitment.“PROTESTANT ETHIC” – Sects that practice ascetism tend to become prosperous. DEATH OF A LEADER – Sects with charismatic leaders will collapse on the leader’s death.