The second prehistoric occupation began 31,000 to 28,000 years ago and lasted for 2,000 to 3,000 years, the researchers wrote.People never lived in the cave, explained Anita Quiles of the French Institute of Oriental Archeology and Jean-Michel Geneste of the Ministry of Culture and Communication in Paris, two of the authors on the paper.Perhaps it was only after the bears left that humans decided to use it."Humans would have to have avoided encountering the bears, as you can image," Quiles and Geneste said. "The authors were also able to determine that the end of each human occupancy of the caves coincided with rockfalls that may have sealed off the entrance to the cave, hiding it from humans for thousands of years.The authors said the chronology of who used the cave and when will continue to become more precise as more data points are added to their model. For example: Are the red paintings as old as the black paintings?Non-African humans have a tiny bit of Neanderthal DNA and studies suggest the mix happened 50,000 to 60,000 years ago.Scientists say the new discovery offers the possibility that a spell of interbreeding between Neanderthals and early humans occurred at this time and in this region.
They believe the bears used the cave to hibernate but spent spring and summer out of the cave.
(Deborah Netburn)"A human group (band or tribe) visited the Chauvet cave during the first period around 36,000 years ago for cultural purposes," they wrote in an email to the Los Angeles Times. Then, several thousands of years after, another group from another place with another culture visited the cave."The two groups, separated by millenniums, had no connection with each other, they said.
The first round of human occupation was likely longer than the second. Twenty-three charcoal drawings were sampled from different parts of the cave including the panel of the horses, the alcove of the lions, the panel of the reindeer and the panel of the bison.
The partial skull, found in Manot Cave in western Galilea, is the first recorded instance of modern humans being in the Levant region during that time period, archeologists claim in the journal These early people may have been the first to pass through the region on their way to cooler latitudes. This is the first specimen we have that connects Africa to Europe,” said Israel Hershkovitz of Tel Aviv University.
Neanderthal remains have previously been found in locations close to Manot Cave, dating between 50,000 and 65,000 years of age, so that places the two species in the same place at the same time.